The procedures regarding functioning of Codex are available in the Codex Procedural Manual which is regularly updated. The latest updated version is the 23rd edition. The Procedural Manual of the Codex Alimentarius Commission describes the legal foundations and practical functioning of the Commission and its subsidiary bodies. There is a uniform procedure laid down by the Codex Alimentarius Commission for the elaboration of Codex Standards and related texts. The procedure is a 8 step process that describes all the 8 steps in detail and also the accelerated procedure that is followed for some of the Codex Standards and Related Texts as decided by the Committee.


Codex committees, when developing standards, apply risk analysis and rely on the independent scientific advice provided by expert bodies organized by FAO/WHO. Risk Analysis is fundamental to the scientific basis of Codex Standards. These bodies also give direct scientific advice to Member Governments.

There are four FAO/WHO expert committees namely: the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA); the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR); the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meetings on Microbiological Risk Assessment (JEMRA); the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on Nutrition (JEMNU) and other scientific advice provided by FAO/WHO. The details of these expert committees are enclosed at Annexes II, III, IV and V respectively. The funds for Codex Scientific Advice are primarily provided by FAO and WHO. However, since this is not sufficient, several countries also support FAO and WHO in this important work. These countries are The European Union, United States of America, Australia, Japan, Luxemberg, The Republic of Korea, Canada, FANTA 2 and Academy for Educational Development.